In 2004, the Protected Landscape of Regional Interest of the Vine Culture of Pico Island (created in 1996) was considered as a World Heritage Site.
"The Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture is an outstanding example of the adaptation of farming practices to a remote and challenging environment. Pico Island is one of nine volcanic islands in the Azores Archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean. The island contains spectacular evidence of grape-growing and wine-making (viniculture), with an imposing pattern of orderly, long, linear walls running inland from, and parallel to, the rocky coastline around its northern and western edges. The stone walls form thousands of small, contiguous, rectangular plots built to protect crops from wind and salt spray. Vines were, and continue to be, planted within the small and soilless plots (locally called currais).
The cultivation of the vineyard, against the roughness of the volcanic terrains almost without vegetal soil, in corrals, which are walled areas of black stone, of very small size, marks the culture of the island." (Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture - UNESCO)
The gastronomy of Pico Island is very rich! Crustaceans such as lobster and crab, squid, octopus and fishes serve as the basis for varied and rich dishes.
The meat dishes are very present in the local gastronomy, mainly sausage with taro root and boiled beef.